قال تقرير صادر عن المرصد الإعلامي لمناصرة قضايا النوع الاجتماعي (شقائق) أن المساواة بين الجنسين لا تقتصر في وجود المرأة ضمن مقاعد محدودة، ولكنه عملية تكاملية تبدأ بالسياسات حتى تتحول إلى ممارسات، ولا يمكن لهذه السياسات أن تتم إذا بقيت وسائل الإعلام معتمدة في تغطيتها على عرض ما يدور أثناء أنشطة جمعيات النفع العام.
وأضاف المرصد وهو مركز متخصص يتبع الجمعية الكويتية لحقوق الإنسان ويهدف لمناصرة قضايا النوع الاجتماعي ومتابعة آخر التطورات في ملف حقوق المرأة في دولة الكويت، المرأة العاملة في وسائل الإعلام ليس من دورها أن تبقى متخصصة بقضايا المرأة النمطية كالطبخ والموضة بل هي عاملة تهتم بالقضايا السياسية والاجتماعية ويجب عليها الخروج من الإطار النمطي لها وتقديم رسالة شاملة تعبّر عنها، تكون ملامسة لواقع الناس والمجتمع وتحمل خطة للتغيير الحقيقي المبني على أسس واضحة.
وأوصى وسائل الإعلام ببذل جهود أكبر لاستضافة نماذج نسوية لها رصيد معرفي أو عمل مجتمعي أو تحمل آراء فكرية معبرة، وذلك لتشجيع المزيد من النساء على تقديم أنفسهن بجرأة وقوة وللمساهمة في إخراج النساء من النمطية التي تعمل الكثير على حصر أنفسهن فيها. وقال إنه ينبغي على وسائل الإعلام كلما أمكن أو سمحت الموضوعات التي تناقشها، أن تعمل على استضافة النساء لطرح وجهة نظرها في القضية بذات القدر الذي تعمل فيه على استضافة الرجال في تقاريرها المختلفة.
وقال خالد الحميدي رئيس مجلس إدارة الجمعية الكويتية لحقوق الإنسان أن التقرير عبارة عن نشاط يتبع مرصد شقائق الذي قامت الجمعية بإطلاقه ليكون أحد أنشطتها ضمن مشروع تكامل لتعزيز المساواة بين الجنسين في المجتمع الكويتي والذي تقوم الجمعية بتنفيذه بالتعاون مع مبادرة الشراكة الشرق أوسطية.
مشيرًا إلى أن عملية مراقبة محتوى وسائل الإعلام المتعلق بالمرأة سوف تبقى مستمرة و يرافقها عملية زيارات لوسائل الإعلام وتقديم ملاحظات وتوصيات بكيفية إدماج مفاهيم النوع الاجتماعي في المواد الإعلامية المختلفة.
الجدير بالذكر أن الفترة التي يشملها التقرير هو الربع الثاني من العام الجاري أبريل – يونيو 2020.
Observatory recommends that The media should make greater efforts to host feminist models that have a stock of knowledge, community work, or express ideological opinions, in order to encourage more women to present themselves boldly and forcefully and to contribute to removing women from the stereotypes that many of them work to confine themselves to. Further The media in their various reports and whenever possible, shall host women to present their point of view on the topic discussed just as they do with the men.
Report issued by the Media Observatory for the Advocacy of Gender Issues (Shaqaeq i.e. Sisters) that is gender equality is not limited to the presence of women within limited positions, but rather an integrative process that begins with policies until they turn into practices. These policies cannot take place if the media remain dependent on their coverage on showing the activities of public benefit associations’ events.
Observatory that is a specialized center affiliated with the Kuwaiti Society for Human Rights, aims to advocate for gender issues and follows up the latest developments in women's rights in the State of Kuwait, added In the media, the working woman shall not be specialized in the stereotypical women's issues such as cooking and fashion, but she is interested in the political and social issues so she must get out of her stereotypical framework, present her comprehensive message that touches the reality of people and society and carry a plan for real change based on clear foundations.
Khaled Al Hamodi, Chairman of Kuwaiti Society for Human Rights, said that the report is an activity that follows “Sisters” Observatory, which has been launched by the Society to be one of its activities within Takamul Project to promote the gender equality in Kuwaiti society, which is being executed by the Society in cooperation with the Middle East Partnership Initiative.
He pointed that the process of monitoring media content related to women will remain ongoing and will be accompanied by a process of visits to the media and providing observations and recommendations on how to incorporate gender concepts in various media materials.
The period covered by the report is the second quarter of this year, April - June 2020.
The Kuwait Society for Human Rights has issued a thorough and analytical study on the women's rights in the State of Kuwait as part of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), within the framework of the Takamul Project that aims to promote gender equality in Kuwaiti society, which is implemented in cooperation with the U.S.-Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI).
The study consists of two chapters. The first chapter is on women's rights in the State of Kuwait within the framework of the Constitution and legislation (National Law). The second chapter is on the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Kuwaiti National Law.
The first chapter contains three topics: women's rights under the Kuwaiti Constitution, women's rights in Kuwait between justice and equality, and the principle of legality and women's rights in Kuwait: the extent to which domestic legislation conforms to the Constitution.
As for the second chapter, it contains four topics: the dialectic of the relationship between the Kuwaiti public system and international standards through the extent of conformity and harmonization between women's rights in Kuwait with the CEDAW Convention, the rights of women in Kuwait, the change of public order by changing the public interest, and the national mechanisms to promote women's rights in Kuwait, while the fourth topic addresses the international mechanisms to activate women's rights in Kuwait.
At the beginning of the study, it has been mentioned that the Kuwaiti Constitution do not mention women's rights specifically or by designation, as the term “women” is not mentioned in all articles of the Kuwaiti Constitution. Therefore, women's rights in Kuwait seems to revolve around the general theoretical framework for citizen’ rights, individuals’ rights and their public freedoms.
The study points out that the Kuwaiti Constitution involves provisions that conform to international standards in citizenship, justice and equality. Despite the ratification of the State of Kuwait to many agreements in this regard, including the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), women's rights in Kuwait are still in many legislations out of practice.
The study reached a number of conclusions, including theoretically, that the legal obligations of the government of the State of Kuwait indicate a legal interaction between the Kuwaiti Constitution and the CEDAW Convention, but the practical reality of the legislative practice still suffers from the inability of the Kuwaiti legislator to activate, interpret, and apply constitutional provisions within the framework of women's rights.
Moreover, many Kuwaiti legislations contradict the provisions of the Kuwaiti Constitution, which led to the failure to activate the CEDAW Convention due to the many legal, juristic, and societal problems that prevents Kuwaiti women from obtaining their rights. The Kuwaiti legislation reflects a clear and distinct distinction in many rights, such as the right to occupy jobs, equality to public burdens, the right to equality, the right to work, the right to nationality, the right to housing, the right to political participation, and so on.
The study includes a number of recommendations, including activating the Kuwaiti State Council as an independent administrative judiciary, as it is concerned with defending the rights and public freedoms of individuals through monitoring the actions of the administrative authority, which is practically implementing the regulations and laws in accordance with the Constitution, thus helping in law enforcement in accordance with the provisions of the CEDAW Convention, and confirming the legal culture of women in Kuwait, whether by governmental or non-governmental institutions through symposiums and conferences, in a way that helps women to know the legal mechanisms that enable them to activate and amend the legislative performance.
The study also recommends reviewing the Kuwaiti Nationality Law within the framework of equality between men and women, especially in matters of a human dimension that have nothing to do with the principle of sovereignty, particularly those relating to maintaining the stability and tranquility of the Kuwaiti family in accordance with the Kuwaiti Constitution.